Bacopa monnieri extract
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bacopa monnieri extract
Bacopa monnieri Linn. Dry extract.
English name: Thyme leaved gratiola
Part used: Whole plant
Traditional uses 1-3: It is astringent, bitter and cooling and is reported to improve the intellect. It is used in the treatment of asthma, hoarseness, insanity, epilepsy and as a potent nerve tonic, cardiotonic and diuretic. It has been reported to be an anti-anxiety agent having adaptogenic effect. The leaves are also useful as diuretic and aperient. The juice of the leaves is given to children for relief in bronchitis and diarrhoea.
Phytochemistry: The major bioactive constituents of Bacopa monnieri are tetracyclic triterpenoid saponins, having pseudojujubogenin and jujubogenin aglycones. Among these, bacoside A (a crystalline mixture of several saponins) is predominant. The individual saponins reported from B. monnieri includes bacoside A1, A2 and A3, bacopasaponins A, B, C, D, E and F, and bacopaside I and II ds viz. , herpestine and brahmine; flavonoids viz. , luteolin-7-glucoside, glucoronyl-7-apigenin and glucoronyl-7-luteolin; common phytosterols 3-7.
Pharmacology: Bacopa monnieri has been proved to have memory enhancing6-9, sedative13, antiepileptic11 activity. Bacopa monnieri is also reported for its antispasmodic13 and anticancer11,12 activity. In addition it is evaluated for its cardiotonic10,13,14 and hypotensive10 activity.
Marker constituent: Bacoside A (mixture of several saponins with bacoside A3 as one of the components) .
Main use: Memory / Cogniton enhancer.
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10. Malhotra CL, Das PK. (1959) Ind. Jour. Med. Res. 47(3) : 294-305.
11. Elangovan V, Govindasamy S. (1995) Fitoterapia. 66(3) : 211-215.
12. Kumar EP, Elshurafa AA, Elango K, Subburaju T, Suresh B. (1998) Ancient Sci. Life. 17(3) : 228-234.
13. Aithal HN, Sirsi M. (1961) Indian J. Pharm. 23(1) : 2-5.
14. Dar A, Channa S. (1997) Phytother. Res. 11: 323-325.