Epimedium P. E
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epimedium horny goat weed
horny goat weed
Botanical Name Epimedium (Horny goat weed) PARTS USED AND HABITAT Epimedium (horny goat weed) is grown as an ornamental herb in Asia and the Mediterranean region, and various species are used for medicinal purposes, including Epimedium sagittatum, Epimedium brevicornum, Epimedium wushanense, Epimedium koreanum, and Epimedium pubescens.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE: Epimedium may function a bit like an adaptogen (such as cordyceps, rhodiola, ashwagandha, and ginseng) by increasing levels of epinephrine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine when they are low (an energy-promoting effect) , but reducing cortisol levels when they are elevated (an anti-stress effect) . There is also evidence that epimedium can restore low levels of both testosterone and thyroid hormone (bringing low levels back to their normal levels) - which may account for some of the benefits of epimedium in improving libido (sex drive) . Studies using epimedium have shown a reduction in bone breakdown, an increase in muscle mass, and a loss of body fat. In a series of studies conducted in humans and animals by Chinese researchers, immune-system function was directly suppressed and bone loss was accelerated, by using high-dose synthetic cortisol (glucocorticoid drugs) . Subsequent administration of epimedium extract reduced blood levels of cortisol and improved immune immune-system function (in the humans) and slowed bone loss and strengthened bones (in the animals) Specification: Icarin 10-60% by HPLC