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Flute (Flute) for the blow-hole gas-ming, musical instruments, widely used in the modern orchestra, and sometimes used in military music, but also commonly used in solo, trio. It's family had piccolo, treble flute, alto flute, bass flute and so on, in order to transfer the standard C-Boehm flute as its representative. Flute for the orchestra woodwind group of high musical instrument, sound beautiful, wide range, playing France many, rich and expressive, with the string, woodwind, brass instruments strong affinity. General symphony orchestra with at least 3, 3 and piccolo, alto flute combined with the larger person. As a solo instrument, the flute can be no accompaniment, such as JS Bach's "a minor Sonata" and so on. With piano, harp, guitar or band accompaniment of the solo songs, concertos and other tracks are also extremely high. In chamber music, the flute plus oboe, clarinet, bassoon become Saxophone Quartet; plus French horn, branding for Wind Quintet. Additionally, there are a variety of combinations, such as the WA Moja feature a three flute quartets, the violin with flute to replace the first one, plus small, medium, cello composition. Flute of the family also has a variety of combinations of modern works added to piccolo, high, medium and growth of bass flute with flute quintet, Quintet Sextet to 10 and so on.
The circulation of the flute has been for centuries, its history can even be traced back to ancient Egyptian times, when it is blowing above the vertical openings of the clay pipe. Originally developed by German law Lee (1633-1687) and Han Deer (1685-1765) created the invention, saying that the German flute. To the age where Haydn (1732-1809) , the flute has become a symphony orchestra in the fixed instrument. The early 19th century, with the key device invented Teaobaer Debo Mu (later also been used for clarinet, oboe and bassoon, etc. ) , flute completed the shape.
Soft flute sound is clear and a wide range: in bright treble areas such as the morning's first ray of sunlight; bass District graceful Rubing Che moonlight; and specializes in coloratura, beautiful and diverse musical skills, in the orchestra frequently served as the main melody, it is important to solo instrument.