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Henna is extracted from the leaves of the Elaan tree (Lawsonia inermis) , which grows along mountain valleys and seasonal watercourses in Somaliland. Nomadic women pick the leaves as they tend their sheep and then are dried in the shade. The hands of the collectors turn a golden yellow as the leaves contain lawsone, the constituent responsible for dying. The leaves are then ground and sieved in to a powder that is used as a hair, nail and skin dye. Extracts of henna are also used to stain wood and fabrics. As a medicine henna is used as an astringent, antihemorrhagic and sedative. It has antibacterial, antifungal and ultra violet screening ability.