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Iodine owns strong disinfection and sterilization. It is mainly used in medicine:
Iodine (iodine tincture) alcohol solution with 5-10% iodine;
Ligeli solution (iodic water solution containing potassium iodide) is used on wounds, pleurisy, tonsillitis, chronic arthritis, fracture, etc. It also can be used as the substitute of disinfection of surgical operators fingers, hypothyroid hypertrophy, arteriosclerosis, chronic poisoning, hypnotic agent, dried plasma and so on.
Potassium iodide, sodium iodide and compound iodine oral solution can be used to cure simple goiter, preoperative preparation of hyperthyroidism and thyroid crisis. As iodine has little effect on the heart, these products also can help to cure heavy metal poisoning and third-phase lues. Iodine also has special resistance towards radioactive element, so iodized oil can act as contrast agent of X-ray as well as antitoxic agent of radiating matter.