Jade 12 Zodiac Animals-RAT
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What is jade?
'Jade', or yu, as it is called in China, is strictly speaking a generic term for two different gems, nephrite and jadeite. The name is derived from the Spanish 'piedra de ijada', loin-stone, jade having been recognised by the Amerindians as a remedy for kidney ailments. Because of its beneficial effect on the kidneys, the stone was also known as 'lapis nephriticus'. That, indeed, is where the term 'nephrite' came from. Jadeite and nephrite are both regarded in China as 'zhen yu', 'genuine jade'. It was not until the beginning of the 19th century that mineralogists and gemmologists started to differentiate between them, since they bear a considerable resemblance to each other in terms of their appearance, their hardness and the properties they exhibit when being processed. Both are tough, since they consist of dense, close-grained, matted aggregates, but they differ from one another in their chemical composition and colours. Nephrite ranges mainly from mid to dark green or grey-green, but it can also be white, yellowish or reddish. Rarer, and somewhat tougher, jadeite displays hues which include green, but also white or pink, and reds, blacks, browns and violets. In both minerals, the way the colour is distributed varies a great deal. Only in the very finest jade is the colour evenly distributed. Both nephrite and jadeite often have veins, blemishes and streaks running through them, though these may not always be regarded as flaws. On the contrary, some of these patterns are considered particularly valuable.
Chinese 12 Zodiac Animals
The Chinese animal signs are a 12-year cycle base on the
Chinese Lunar Calendar, which is based on the cycle of the
moon; the Western Calendar, Solar Calender, is based on
the sun. There are 12 animal signs, each one represents a
year, every 12 years, the same animal reappears,
therefore, Chinese people are able to tell your age by
only knowing your animal sign.
Why the animals stand in this order ? There is an
interesting legend. The god in heaven held a race in order
to decide the order of those 12 animals, the one who wins
the race would be the first year, the rest would receive
their years according to their finish. The clever rat knew
he had no chance to win the race, so he sneaked onto the
back of the ox, and stayed there until the ox was about to
reach the finish line, then he jumped off and finished
just before the ox, he won the race. The pig was too fat
to catch up the others, so he ended up as the last.