Rotavirus Rapid Test( strip, cassette)
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2 years old
rapid test strip
Rotavirus is the primary causative agent of acute gastro-enteritis, especially in children less than 2 years old. Its discovery in 1973 and its association with infantile gastro-enteritis represented a very important advance in the study of gastro-enteritis not caused by acute bacterial infection. Rotavirus is transmitted by oral-faecal
contact with an incubation period of 1-3 daysetc.
The Adenovirus is the second most common cause of viral gastro-enteritis in children (10-15%) . This virus may also cause respiratory diseases and, depending on the serotype, also diarrhoea, conjunctivitis, cystitis, etc. At least 47 serotypes of adenovirus have been described, all sharing a common hexon antigen. Serotypes 40 and 41 are the ones associated with gastro-enteritis, whose main symptom is diarrhoea thatmay last between 9 and 12 days associated with temperature and vomits.
SUMMARY AND PRINCIPLE OF THE TEST
The test uses new homogenous immunochromatographic system with gold particules. It is a ready to use test which only needs a faecal sample dilution with the supplied ready to use dilution buffer. Specificity is ensured by using a monoclonal antibody conjugated with gold particules and directed against specific human genus-specific Rotavirus antigen or Adenovirus antigens. The immunochromatographic stick is coated with a monoclonal immunoreagent specific for genus-specific Adenovirus hexon antigens or rotaviurs VP6 antigen. Liquid sample and gold conjugate both migrate by capillarity and reach the first specific anti-Adenovirus monoclonal reagent. If Adenovirus is present in the sample, it is blocked and immunoreaction appears as a red-pink line. As sample still migrates, it reaches the second non specific anti-mouse IgG which gives rise to a second red-pink line. This rear line indicates that the chromatography has been developped without hindrance. It appears also with negative samples.