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About kashmir shawls it is said: "of all Indian textiles none excels in beauty, colour, texture and design-the famous kashmir shawl. " Shawls are produced by two techniques, loom woven or "kani shawls", and the needle embroidered or "sozni shawls". The basic fabric is of two types, - Pashmina and raffal. Pashmina is known world over as "cashmere wool", it comes from a special goat (capra hircus) living at an altitude of 12000 to 14000 feet reared by shepherd nomads around famous "Pongkong lake" in close vicinity of western tibet. Raffal is spun out of merino wool tops and is a popular type of shawl. The origin of shawl dates back to ancient civilization and has been trced back to the times of Mahabharata. The shawls are embroidered in floral motifs, various designs available range from Neemdoor, Doordaar, Paladaar, Baildaar, Jaalis and Jammas.