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Bassoon (bassoon) for the double reed instrument gas-ming. Oboe family of instruments, tenor and bass. A wide range, from bass to treble stave to stave bB1 the e2. Tube is divided into five parts: the mouth tube, tenor pipes, U-shaped chamber pipe, bassoon, trumpet. Tube total length of 254 ~ 260 cm, body bent into a U-shaped pipe, trumpet facing up, plug-blowing double reed mouth for a curved bend thin metal tube. Bassoon in the oboe family role, not only can provide the bass sound while playing tunes, it and the horn sound more harmonious, often with the composition of chords. Bassoon strong nasal tone, Zuidi Yin Ou bB1 ~ F is particularly hoarse. Legato and staccato are extremely flexible, fast staccato seems to be particularly humorous, usually manifested humorous effect, and thus bassoon band called the "clown. "
The earliest application of bassoon found in scores for 1629. A. Vivaldi wrote a large number of Bassoon Concerto and Trio song. WA Mozart and Weber have written CMvon famous bassoon concerto. P. Hindemith wrote for bassoon played