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betaine acts as both an osmolyte and a source of methyl groups. Methyl groups are essential for metabolism. Methyl groups cannot be produced in the body and have to be supplied in the diet. Betaine is the most efficient source of methyl groups. As an osmolyte, betaine attracts water, protecting cells from dehydration.
Betaine provides benefits across many industries:
pig, poultry, fish and shrimp feed to improve the efficiency of meat production and decrease feed costs
Betaine is used in skin care formulations as a moisturiser and stabiliser due to its unique water binding and cell membrane protective properties. It is also a useful ingredient in dental products
betaine is used to treat alcohol-induced fatty liver and excessively elevated plasma homocysteine levels in certain genetic disorders. In addition, betaine is included in dietary supplements, used for dermatological ointments and enhancing seafood flavourings.
Betaine acts as a yield enhancer in many fermentation processes.